The exponential rise of human population has led to widespread negative changes such as global warming, climate change, sea level rise, environmental pollution and ecological disasters impacting global air and water resources. These in consequence have impacted our quality of life, agricultural productivity and global biodiversity causing rapid loss of precious species in the world’s forests, rivers, streams, oceans in a significant manner.
Biodiversity collectively promotes ecosystem productivity; where individual species, however big or small, microscopic or even sub-microscopic, all have an important role to play in maintaining the balance of global ecosystems both terrestrial and aquatic (freshwater and marine). Global biodiversity loss has significant impact on the fragile global ecosystems and in turn has far-reaching impact on the human life in the not so distant future.
Hence, we need to preserve these fragile ecosystems and biodiversity gene pools for the sustainability of life and preserving long-term ecological as well as our economic future. It has long been feared that human activity is causing massive extinctions. Despite increased efforts at conservation, it has not been enough and biodiversity losses continue around the globe. The costs associated with deteriorating or vanishing ecosystems will continue to be high unless suitable methods are adopted and implemented in due time.
Preserving much neglected marine species and their habitats is important for ecosystems to self-sustain pollution and over exploitation of global oceans. Hence, sustainable use of the ocean/marine resources are strongly recommended. Farming of marine resources following strict international guidelines with long-term sustainable approach under strict monitoring, international and regional cooperation are important aspects of modern sustainable ocean farming. From a global perspective, marine farming has immense potential for transforming the ecology as well as economy of developing and under developed nations in addition to the tremendous technological innovations and economic success it has acquired in the developed nations.
At this juncture, it is important to bring together scholars, academics, technocrats, bureaucrats, researchers, students, lawyers, policy developers, politicians, social activists, administrators, ecologists and ordinary citizens to develop new ideas, policies and guidelines for the sustainability and security of the global oceans and marine resources for protecting our common, shared future.
Saikat Kumar Basu