The National Child Protection Authority (NCPA) states that it receives a minimum of 50 complaints of child abuse cases per day and had recorded a staggering 6,700 complaints since January 2010. Accordingly, the NCPA had recorded 6,724 complaints from January 1, 2010 to September 18, 2015.

The issue of acts of violence against children once again created ripples island-wide following the abuse and killing of a five-year-old child in Kotadeniyawa. The incident triggered widespread outrage among the public and resulted in fresh calls for capital punishment for perpetrators.

The NCPA stated that one of the challenges faced in tackling certain cases was the inefficiency of the judicial system. However, President Maithripala Sirisena last week said that the government would implement capital punishment next year if Parliament approved. The President made this comment during an event in Galle on September 18. An official attached to the NCPA stated that the authority continued to receive complaints that could be segregated into 16 categories ranging from sexual harassment, to cybercrimes against children.

The categories under which the complaints are segregated are sexual harassment procuration, sexual exploitation of children, soliciting a child, rape, incest, acts of gross indecency between persons, grave sexual abuse, making the child to beg, cruelty, trafficking, abduction, compulsory education matters, child labor, care and protection issues of children, obscene publication and exhibition relating to children and cybercrimes against children.

Accordingly, most of the perpetrators were reported to be close and are known to the victims. The perpetrators include close and extended family members, friends, teachers and school van drivers.