This is our third and last article in the ‘memory’ series. Last week we discussed about forgetfulness and how it happens. This week, we are going to give you more information about memory issues and ways to solve them.
There are two main categories of memory disorders. One category is mild forgetfulness. What is mild forgetfulness? As we expressed last week it is true that some of us get more forgetful as we age. It may take longer to learn new things, remember certain words, or find our glasses. These changes are often signs of mild forgetfulness.
If you suffering this issue, you can do use these methods such as learn a new skill, volunteer in your community, at a school, or at your place of worship, spend time with friends and family, use memory tools such as big calendars, to-do lists, and notes to yourself, put your wallet or purse, keys, and glasses in the same place each day, get lots of rest, exercise and eat well, don’t drink a lot of alcohol, get help if you feel depressed for weeks at a time.
Other category is serious memory problem. Serious memory problems make it hard to do everyday things. For example, you may find it hard to drive, shop, or even talk with a friend. There are several diseases which concern as serious memory problem.
Alzheimer’s disease (also known as just Alzheimer’s or AD) is a progressive, ultimate fatal brain disease, in which cell to cell connections in the brain are lost. It is generally (though not exclusively) diagnosed in patients over the age of about 65. The most commonly recognized symptom of AD is an inability to acquire new memories and difficulty in recalling recently observed facts.
Amnesia is the general term for a condition in which memory (either stored memories or the process of committing something to memory) is disturbed or lost, to a greater extent than simple everyday forgetting or absent-mindedness. Amnesia may result either from organic or neurological causes (damage to the brain through physical injury, neurological disease or the use of certain drugs), or from functional or psychogenic causes. There are several varieties of Amnesia. Many kinds of amnesia are associated with damage to the hippocampus and related areas of the brain which are used in the encoding, storage and retrieval of memories.
Autism is a disorder of neural development, characterized by impaired social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior, which usually begins in childhood. In recent years, it has become increasingly apparent that autism affects the functioning of virtually the entire brain, not just those brain areas involved with social interactions, communication behaviors and reasoning abilities, as had been previously thought.
It has been discovered that people with autism have difficulty in many other areas, including balance, movement, memory and visual perception skills, complex tasks which involve different areas of the brain working together.
Dementia is a general term for a large class of disorders characterized by the progressive deterioration of thinking ability and memory as the brain becomes damaged. Essentially, when memory loss is so severe that it interferes with normal daily functioning, it is called dementia.
Treatment for serious memory problems depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Common treatments include lifestyle changes, medication, and other therapies. Doctors believe it is very important for people with above diseases to try to prevent further strokes by controlling high blood pressure, monitoring and treating high blood cholesterol, diabetes and not smoking. Family members and friends can assist people who are with above diseases in continuing their daily routines, physical activities, and social contacts.