Vehicle emissions tests to reduce the environmental impact of car exhaust fumes can also be repurposed to examine fuel consumption and improve vehicle fuel efficiency.
Mandatory emissions testing legislation implemented in 2008 in the Western Province, and subsequently introduced to other provinces, have helped to preserve the ambient air quality of Sri Lanka despite increases in vehicle population. In addition to reducing harmful exhaust and improving engine lifespan, emissions testing can also increase vehicle fuel efficiency.
Emissions tests centres run by Drive green issue an Estimated Fuel Efficiency Report with each emissions test, providing motorists with a useful guide to how much fuel a vehicle wastes, and identifying how they can reduce the amount wasted. Up to 25% of the fuel energy output is wasted, but simple maintenance programs, like the regular cleaning of air and oil filters, can reduce fuel consumption significantly.
Vehicles are one of the primary contributors to air pollution, but good emission monitoring mechanisms along with clean vehicle and fuel technologies can significantly reduce harmful exhaust, as well as fuel wastage.
Widespread emissions testing and regular maintenance can reduce the country’s overall fuel consumption, which will also reduce overall emissions further. Efficient vehicles with better fuel mileage burn less fuel for the same power, directly reducing the exhaust gases emitted. Similarly other measures to get better mileage such as improving AC and lights efficiency, keeping tires properly inflated, and using the correct motor oil grade, all lower emissions as well.
A report released last year by the WHO showed that chemicals and particle matter released in exhaust gas adversely affect health, leading to respiratory and circulatory disorders.
Numerous studies have highlighted that air pollution contributes to global warming and harms local ecosystems. Despite an increase in the number of vehicles in Sri Lanka, total emissions have remained stagnant. This is attributed in part to mandatory annual emissions tests required of all motorists, and the roadside emissions tests which monitor emissions on an ongoing basis.