The World Environmental Day is celebrated annually on June 5. It is to check environmental action and to protect nature.
The theme for the World Environmental Day 2015 is ‘Sustainable consumption and production’. The slogan for the theme is ‘Seven Billion Dreams. One planet. Consume with care’.
What is sustainable consumption and production?
By definition, Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) is the use of services and related products, which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimizing the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as not jeopardize the needs of further generations.
The concept of SCP is one the 3 objectives for sustainable development along with poverty eradication ,and the management of natural resources to foster economic and social development.
Sustainable production focuses on improving environmental performance in key economic sectors, such as agriculture, energy, industry, tourism and transport. Sustainable consumption addresses how the goods and services are required to meet basic needs improve quality of life such as food and health, shelter, clothing and leisure.
The elaboration of Sustainable Consumption and Production is supported by a 10 Year Framework of Program as called for by the WSSD Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
Sustainable production and consumption is not achievable if proper conservation does not take place.
SCP in a local context
Conservationist Rukshan Jayawardane says that here in Sri Lanka, “Several protected areas like forests are cleared by companies and entities. These lands are protected by legislation, and unless this is dealt with sustainable consumption and production is not possible.”
Growth is detrimental; water, soil, and other natural resources should be conserved in a small country like ours and the best practices should be put forward by economists and planners to make SCP possible.
In Sri Lanka soil erosion, coastal erosion, and fluctuations of water quality are unavoidable actions that have taken place in the recent past. These practices occur in the name of development.
Factories cannot be haphazard or ill planned with short-term plans. When it comes to development, natural resources should not be ignored in the name of trade, irrigation and population.
Therefore finding alternatives for limited resources is essential. It is important to consider these alternatives while taking the net loss in to consideration.